Editing and Copyediting – What Are The Differences?

When it comes to polishing your manuscript, deciding whether to utilize editing or copyediting services might be tricky. What is the distinction?

In basic terms, here’s what I’d say:

This means that copyediting focuses on the technical quality of your work, while editing focuses on how important your work is.

What exactly does an editing service entail?

Your manuscript will be reviewed by an editor who will make modifications to improve the structure, flow, and logic. A professional editor will be a subject matter expert who will critically analyze and edit your paper to ensure that your ideas are well communicated. A professional editor is also aware of the document’s intended audience and will propose adjustments that will help your manuscript appeal specifically to that audience.

It’s possible that editing will result in significant content changes. It’s best if the editor proposes adjustments to the language and overall structure and the author agrees or asks for alternative options.

What is included in a copyediting service?

Copyediting differs from editing in that it focuses on the minutiae of the language on a sentence-by-sentence basis rather than the big picture. Copyediting services look for problems in grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation, as well as consistency. They also make sure that the right subject-specific vocabulary is used, that subject-specific standards are followed, and that information in the document, such as names of equipment and institutions, dates of events, and other factual data, is correct. As a result, copyediting includes proofreading as well as looking for awkward language and mistakes that are easy to see.

So, copyediting is included in editing.

Yes, it does, but copyediting isn’t the main goal. Editors who pay attention to the meaning and development of ideas in an article may not notice small typos.

The following is a detailed comparison of editing and copyediting services:

Scope – Services for Copyediting – Services for editing and proofreading

Grammatical, spelling, and punctuation corrections – Yes – Yes, but little mistakes may be overlooked.

Assuring good sentence structure and word selection – Yes – Yes

Getting rid of duplication and unnecessary words – Yes, but only on a sentence-by-sentence level. – Yes

Examining for compliance with audience expectations (in terms of British vs. American English usage, formatting, and subject matter). – Yes – Yes

Examining the manuscript’s size to see if it’s appropriate (i.e., word count or page count) – No – Yes

Assuring a steady flow of ideas across the entire story – No – Yes

Making content suggestions, such as rearranging words or paragraphs to make them more clear or logical, or suggesting content additions or deletions based on the target readership’s expectations. – No – Yes

Collaboration between the author and the editor is required. – No – Yes (in an ideal world!)

What is the difference between the final and original versions of the document?

The main differences are linguistic and grammatical.

Based on the editor’s inputs, significant changes in meaning and content may have occurred by the end of the editing process. The author will, however, confirm these before they are finalized.

The example below depicts the appearance of a paragraph that has been subjected to copyediting and editing services.

The first paragraph

Electronic items such as digital cameras, tablets, and cell phones are more popular and less expensive than ever before in today’s culture. Companies that manufacture and sell electronic items are eager to build products with ever-increasing functionality. They don’t know, however, how to predict what features to include in next-generation devices based on adolescent preferences. One method is to examine data from social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and others and then decide.

After copyediting a paragraph

Electronics such as digital cameras, tablets, and cell phones have become increasingly affordable and popular in recent years. Companies that make and sell these items are willing to create models with additional features. They do not, however, know how to predict young people’s future preferences in terms of the types of functionalities that could be included in next-generation products. Analyzing data from social media sites like Facebook and Twitter could be one way to figure this out.

Take note of the following modifications: The grammar was improved in several places, including the addition of a series comma in the line “digital cameras, tablets, and mobile phones.”The word “don’t” was replaced with “do not.” However, the word “but” at the beginning of the phrase has been changed to “however.” Certain word choices were improved, such as “make” being replaced with “manufacture,” and “more and more” being replaced with “additional.” The word “etc.” was removed from the last sentence since it is not appropriate in formal writing.

However, there is room for improvement in this paragraph.

After editing a paragraph

Electronic items such as digital cameras, tablets, and cell phones have grown in popularity and affordability in modern culture. Companies that make and sell these items are eager to develop newer models with more features. Predicting future trends, particularly among the youth market segment, is, however, difficult. Consumer preferences could pave the way for consumer electronics design and development in the future.

By examining data from social media sites like Facebook and Twitter, it is possible to determine market preference tendencies.

Take note of the following modifications: This content’s subject matter is familiar to the editor. As a result, s/he has made appropriate adjustments to the passage’s wording; note the terms marked in pink. The meaning of a perplexing sentence was clarified by splitting it into two sentences.

The last sentence has been moved to a new paragraph, which helps organize the information.

Which service should I choose: editing or copyediting?

What you’re looking for determines the response. Are you in need of a quick language check? Is the subject matter you’re writing about well-known, i.e., something that a layperson could understand? Are you certain you’ve communicated your thoughts in a concise and clear manner? Is a little polishing all that’s required? If that’s the case, copyediting should be enough. In this case, you should choose editing instead. It’s a very thorough, critical, and in-depth review of your work with the goal of making it easier for experts and amateurs alike to understand and enjoy it.